An abnormal Cervical Smear result suggests that some cells in the skin of the cervix are growing slightly faster than normal. This is nothing to be alarmed about, however, if these rapidly growing cells are left untreated for a number of years, they may become a cancer. However, in most cases, abnormal smears show only very minor changes — and these usually go back to normal on their own.
If you are experiencing bleeding between periods, after sexual intercourse, or following menopause, it is imperative to have the problem investigated to determine the cause. In most cases, nothing serious is identified — but occasionally abnormal bleeding may be indicative of cancer.
A woman may have a pelvic ultrasound scan for a wide variety of reasons, and it is not uncommon to detect an ovarian cyst. Some, such as functional cysts will resolve spontaneously, however, others will need to be removed surgically. It is important to take extra care during the diagnosis to ensure no unnecessary surgery is performed.
If you have found a lump or mass within your pelvis, it is possible that the cause is a uterine fibroid. However, an ovarian cyst can be felt as a mass within the pelvis as well.
Some women will experience a lump or ulceration on the vulva. Additionally, doctors may sometimes feel that the cervix appears abnormal during a smear test. These abnormalities can be quickly investigated through careful examination — oftentimes with the colposcope.